26 October 2023

The world is witnessing a significant shift towards renewable energy, with countries globally ramping up their efforts to combat climate change. The United Kingdom is no exception.


The UK’s Renewable Energy Landscape


The UK has made substantial strides in its transition to renewable energy. The country’s Net Zero Strategy outlines its commitment to reach net zero emissions by 2050. This strategy includes transitioning to clean power, reducing reliance on imported fossil fuels, and leveraging up to £90 billion of private investment by 2030.


In 2022, the UK had a record-breaking year for renewable energy, with 40% of its electricity generated from solar, wind, biomass, and hydropower. This was an increase of five percent from the previous year. The UK government has also launched initiatives such as the “Green Grids Initiative – One Sun One World One Grid” (GGI-OSOWOG), which aims to improve energy access through interconnected electricity grids.


Global Renewable Energy Landscape


Globally, renewable energy is set to account for over 90% of global electricity capacity expansion over the forecast period. By early 2025, renewables are expected to become the largest source of global electricity generation, surpassing coal. Electricity from wind and solar PV is expected to more than double in the next five years, providing almost 20% of global power generation in 2027.


The UK vs. The World


When compared globally, the UK’s renewable energy implementation is commendable. The country’s commitment to achieving net zero emissions by 2050 aligns with the Paris Agreement’s goals. However, more investment in clean energy is needed as the UK seeks to become a renewable energy powerhouse in Europe.


The UK has become a net exporter of electric power for the first time in over ten years, indicating its growing strength in renewable energy. However, it’s important to note that other countries are also accelerating their renewable energy efforts. For instance, China, the European Union, the United States, and India are implementing existing policies and introducing new ones more quickly than expected in reaction to the energy crisis.


Detailed Analysis


To further understand the UK’s position in renewable energy implementation, it’s crucial to delve deeper into specific areas such as wind power and solar power.


Wind Power


The UK is a global leader in wind power. It has one of the largest offshore wind farms globally and plans to quadruple its offshore wind power capacity by 2030. This commitment demonstrates the UK’s dedication to harnessing wind power as a key component of its renewable energy strategy.


Solar Power


Solar power in the UK has also seen significant growth. Despite less sunshine compared to other countries, the UK has made substantial investments in solar technology. It aims to increase solar capacity as part of its strategy to diversify its renewable energy sources.




The UK has made significant progress in implementing renewable energy sources and is on track to meet its net zero emissions goal by 2050. However, as other countries also ramp up their efforts, it’s clear that international cooperation and continued investment in renewable technologies will be crucial for the UK and the world to achieve their climate goals.


In conclusion, while there is still much work to be done, the future of renewable energy looks promising both in the UK and globally. With continued efforts and commitment, we can look forward to a greener and more sustainable future.




  • About GGI. Available at: https://www.greengridsinitiative.net/about (Accessed: 26 October 2023).
  • Can the UK achieve its 50 GW Offshore Wind Target by 2030? (no date) DNV. Available at: https://www.dnv.com/article/can-the-uk-achieve-its-50-gw-offshore-wind-target-by-2030--224379 (Accessed: 26 October 2023).
  • Department for Energy Security and Net Zero (2022) Net zero strategy: Build back greener, GOV.UK. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/net-zero-strategy (Accessed: 26 October 2023).
  • IEA: More Than a third of the world’s electricity will come from renewables in 2025 (no date) World Economic Forum. Available at: https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2023/03/electricity-generation-renewables-power-iea/ (Accessed: 26 October 2023).
  • UK sees record-breaking year for Renewable Energy (2023) The Independent. Available at: https://www.independent.co.uk/tech/renewable-energy-uk-2022-solar-wind-b2253439.html (Accessed: 26 October 2023).